Entries in Vuma Horse Feeds (14)



Stud Horse Mare and Foal

Feeding the Stud Horse...
(Photo : Vuma Horse Feeds)

"The Age Old Stud Horse Debate"

Much noise is suddenly being made about feeding the stud horse and particularly how much to feed mares and foals, to provide a creep feed or not, levels of protein, amounts of roughage and the correct balance of minerals and vitamins.

None of this is new and it is an age old debate but at Vuma we still believe in our original views and formulations. Champion Breeders for the past seven seasons can't be that wrong and Summerhill stats will show you that horses raised on the foundations of Vuma run for longer on average and more often than others. Whichever way you look at it there is no disputing the value of a superior stud feed, formulated to ensure correct growth and lay down strong bone from the very beginning, even while still in utero. While correct limb conformation, good bone and size are a vital pay-off at the sales, even more telling are the results at the race track!

Nutrition is essential in maximizing bone density. Skeletal growth is rapid during the first 12 months and it is at this time that bone, cartilage and tendon are being deposited and strengthened. The benefits of good levels of vitamin A, vitamin E and biotin are irrefutable in stud rations, and there is evidence to suggest that vitamin C is important in the development of healthy collagen and is essential to the production of connective tissues (ligaments, tendons, cartilage).

Skeletal growth occurs faster than weight gain. At 6 months of age bone mineralization is 68% complete. Dietary mineral supplementation along with careful management and training programs will result in improved bone density and in turn, improved skeletal durability. Young horses will stay training longer without the problems that bone injuries can cause.

As consultant nutritionist to Vuma, Debbie Odell, explained back in 2009, a steady growth rate in foals is the optimal goal.

Debbie Odell


The regular use of the Kentucky Growth Chart to measure your foals growth, is important to gauge growth rates.


Month Kentucky STD ADG (kg/day) Body Weight Std (kg) Height Std (mm)
1 1.675 75 1072
2 1.49 115 1160
3 1.25 150 1215
4 1.19 180 1243
5 1.09 210 1290
6 1.0 230 1324
7 0.75 265 1350
8 0.75 280 1376
9 0.7 290 1411
10 0.5 310 1411
11 0.525 320 1430
12 0.3 330 1438
13 0.3 340 1456
14 0.3 355 1468
15 0.425 375 1475
16 0.875 395 1494
17 0.8 415 1513
18 0.625 425 1520
19 0.55

20 0.65

21 0.5

Vuma Vigour, together with Vuma Vitality, forms the backbone of the Vuma stud programme. Vuma Vigour has the correct balance of vitamins and minerals, with superior inclusions to ensure optimal absorption of nutrients, particularly Calcium, at all critical growth stages.

Vuma Vigour Horse Feed

Vuma Vigour

  • 15% Protein whole grain, "muesli feed" with oats, extruded maize, whole sunflower, soya, Lucerne, bran and platinum class vitamin and mineral pack.
  • Biotin and lysine are specified at the higher end of the recommended spectrum to ensure healthy hoof growth and ensure an optimum amino acid profile.
  • Added vitamin C ensures healthy development of collagen and optimal absorption of calcium.
  • Vuma Vigour is recommended for mares in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, weanlings, yearlings and young horses (up to ¾ years) in light medium work.

Vuma Vitality Horse Feed

Vuma Vitality

  • 12% Protein, whole grain "muesli feed" with oats, extruded maize, whole sunflower, soya, Lucerne, bran, and the industry's no. 1 vitamin and mineral pack.
  • Recommended for stud horses, barren mares, mares in 1st and 2nd trimester of pregnancy, and very suitable for spelling horses.


vuma horse feed south africa



For more information contact :
Catherine Hartley : 083 640 1155
Email: catherine@vumafeed.co.za



Vuma Horse Feed

"Ensuring you are getting the best from your bag?"

Vuma Horse Feeds has always believed in providing nutrient dense, whole grain rations with processed maize for maximum digestibility. The whole grains include oats, sunflower and barley.

Apart from providing starch and some protein, as well as fat (in the case of sunflower), the different whole grains provide a certain amount of roughage while also fulfilling some of the searching behaviour of horses by allowing them to pick through the different grains.

Coarse muesli mixes not only have a lower density than pellets but they are harder to pick up and the horse cannot grip so much in one mouthful. More roughage and different shaped grains, allow for slower eating.

Quantity or Quality


The quality or amino acid composition of the protein in the diet is very important. Of the 22 amino acids required by horses, 10 must be supplied in the diet and are thus called essential amino acids.

Muscle development; the ability to repair and rebuild muscles after work and protein losses in sweat create a need for high quality, highly digestible protein.

It is generally accepted that lysine is the first-limiting amino acid, followed by methionine and perhaps threonine. Thus, a diet containing sufficient total protein but which is low in lysine will make the balance of the protein unavailable for effective utilization.

Vitamins and Minerals

Quality of the individual nutrients included in the vitamin and mineral pack of each ration is important, as is the assurance that the pack is free of undesirable substances, such as ionophores, which are commonly used in ruminant and poultry rations but are deadly to horses. Knowing that your product is made in a horse friendly mill ensures your peace of mind.

Balance is all important and correct vitamin and mineral levels are crucial! Traditional inorganic minerals are commonly used; however there are organic versions of certain of these minerals, which have higher absorption efficiency. Although more expensive, there is a trade-off between the cost of these organic forms and the benefit of increased absorption. Vitamins are also an expensive part of the ration, but the benefits of good levels of vitamin A, vitamin E and biotin are irrefutable in rations, and there is evidence to suggest that vitamin C is useful in laying a good foundation for bone development.

The vitamin and mineral packs in commercial feeds are really the difference between a good feed and a great one.

A nutrient dense feed range like Vuma ensures that your horse gets everything it needs in the bag!

Congratulations to all the Champions from the Feed of Champions!

vuma horsefeed africa



For more information contact :
Catherine Hartley : 083 640 1155
Email: catherine@vumafeed.co.za



Stallion Visionaire

Summerhill Stud resident stallion Visionaire
(Photo : Summerhill Stud)

"Ensure your feed programme is balanced..."

Vuma Feeds may be the producer of superior equine concentrates and our focus is certainly on providing each and every horse with the best nutrition in every bag, however, most importantly we are all about the good of the horse and when it comes to nutrition and health there is more to it than just a concentrated feed.

We have always emphasized the importance of forage for horses, both for gut health and overall well-being. The problem arises in that all forage is not created equal.

So often there are seasonal variations or availability issues and these can have a major effect on the actual value and digestible energy (DE) of your hay.

To re-cap what we know, a horse should be fed a total of 2-3% of its bodyweight daily. In most cases a ratio of 60:40, roughage to concentrate, is ideal unless the horse is in very hard work and requires more concentrate. Horses should receive 1.5 - 2% of their body weight in hay (or forage) per day. For the average 450kg - 500kg horse with moderate exercise that is about 7 - 10kg's of hay per day.

Hay quality is as important as forage quantity. Hay should have a crude protein content of 7% or higher on an as-fed basis. Hay with less protein tends to be over mature and have too much indigestible fibre, as plants digestibility and nutrient content decline as they mature.

Lucerne has from 14 - 18% protein, good Teff around 12% protein and Eragrostis around 7 - 9% protein.

Simply changing from Eragrostis to good Teff is going to make a difference to the total DE that your horse receives on a daily basis. So it is important to be aware of the quality of your new hay and the necessity to adjust the total diet accordingly.

If all you can get in the middle of winter is poorer quality hay, you may need to increase your concentrate and possibly add extra oil to ensure that the total DE remains the same. Oil is highly digestible in the small intestine and as such is a good source of "cool" energy. Using oil will help to minimize behavioural problems associated with high carbohydrate diets and it provides nearly two-and-a-half times the energy of the equivalent weight carbohydrate. It would also be useful to add Lucerne to your total feeding regime.

On the other hand if your hay supply improves and the quality is greatly improved you may need to reduce the total amount fed, as the DE will increase and you may end up with more energy than you require!

For those of us lucky enough to have good pastures, this can also pose a management challenge. The energy and protein content of foliage in spring pastures can be as much as 50% higher in early growth compared to that in vegetative growth twelve weeks later.

The lush spring growth of pasture foliage is high in moisture and water-soluble carbohydrates and also relatively higher in protein, vitamins and minerals on a dry matter (DM) basis than during other seasons of the year.

If horses are kept on pasture year round, they usually adjust to the new foliage as it grows in the early spring. However, problems can arise if their forage source is abruptly switched from hay to lush spring pasture, as the sudden change and over-consumption of that lovely green grass can put a horse at risk for certain nutrition-related problems, including stomach upsets, colic, laminitis and obesity.

Feeding forage is really about balance, by keeping an eye on the quality of your forage (hay and pastures) and adjusting your management accordingly :

  • Restrict grazing time on spring pastures if necessary, especially if you have horses prone to laminitis.
  • Supplement the grazing with hay. (Important for stabled horses and during winter when pastures are poor.)
  • Weigh your hay, so that you know how much you are feeding daily.
  • Adjusting volumes according to the quality of the hay.
  • Managing the total amount of feed and particularly the digestible energy that you are feeding.

By ensuring that your feed programme is balanced you and your horses should be happy and healthy all year round!

vuma horsefeed africa



For more information contact :
Catherine Hartley : 083 640 1155
Email: catherine@vumafeed.co.za



Paul Hart and heartbreak Hill

Paul Hart and Heartbreak Hill
(Photo : Vuma Horse Feeds)

Blenheim Palace International Horse Trials
7 - 11 September 2011

Vuma Champions Paul Hart and Heartbreak Hill (Harry) are competing at Blenheim Palace International Horse Trials, starting today!

They passed the trot up, yesterday evening, with flying colours and the Vuma team wishes them all the best for the weekend ahead.

This event forms part of their prep for London Olympics 2012 and we know that they will fly our South African flag high and make us Proud!

Harry is in superb form and Paul is very excited about the next few days.

british eventing

Click here to view the
Blenheim Palace International Horse Trials schedule.



Summerhill Stud - Equus Awards
Summerhill Stud receive the Champion Breeder Award
(Photo : JC Photos / Summerhill Stud)

They've done it again!!!

Summerhill Stud heads to the Equus Awards podium for the 7th year on the trot!

The original home of Vuma Horse Feeds, Summerhill Stud, has achieved a first - they are the first South African stud farm to win seven consecutive Breeders Championships. The Summerhill team received their award last night, at the Equus Awards held at the Theatre of Marcellus at Emperors Palace!

It has certainly been a long, hard slog to get to this point but one of the factors that helped to shape their path to the Breeders Championship was the return to more natural methods in the raising of their horses.

From a nutrition perspective, the turning point came when they initiated the production of Vuma Horse Feeds, based on international research and a return to a more natural whole grain, muesli-type feed, with processed maize and a superior vitamin and mineral profile.

This enhanced nutrient density has played a major role in the correct growth and development of their foals. The foundations of healthy collagen and correct bone growth are irrefutable to the long term health and soundness of young horses.

This is clearly illustrated in the fact that Summerhill horses tend to run, on average, for longer and more often than others.

Vuma is proud to be part of this achievement and we salute team Summerhill - We love to feed your Champions!

Other notable Vuma, Equus Award winners were :

CHAMPION TWO YEAR OLD FILLY - Princess Victoria for the Glen Kotzen Stable and owner Georgina Jafee

CHAMPION STAYER - Aslan for the Sean Tarry Stable and owners Mrs Leisher and Anthony Jacobs

BREEDER AWARD for EXCEPTIONAL INTERNATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT - JJ The Jet Plane for the Lucky Houdalakis stable and all the connections.

Another feather in the Summerhill cap was that the award for CHAMPION THREE YEAR OLD FILLY, CHAMPION MIDDLE DISTANCE HORSE and HORSE OF THE YEAR went to Igugu. This phenomenal Galileo filly was bought in Australia by Summerhill and sold at the Emperors Palace Ready to Run Sale in November 2009!

Congratulations to all the winners - we salute you on your great achievements.

vuma horsefeed africa



For more information contact :
Catherine Hartley : 083 640 1155
Email: catherine@vumafeed.co.za

Related Posts with Thumbnails